The centerpiece of US Chemicals Policy is the Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976, or TSCA, which is administered by The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT). In addition to implementing TSCA, EPA administers various other voluntary and regulatory programs under TSCA and related statutes.
Other Federal Chemicals Policy
- The Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act regulates cosmetics and materials which come into contact with food, such as drinking bottles. Unlike the regulation of other products overseen by the Food and Drug Administration, such as pharmaceuticals or medical equipment, cosmetics companies are responsible for ensuring the safety of their ingredients. Manufacturers are required to submit food contact notifications to the FDA for new uses of food contact substances which are reviewed by FDA and the manufacturer. FDA can issue limits on the use of these materials when appropriate.
- The Consumer Product Safety Act regulates the safety of some 15,000 consumer products used in homes, schools, and in recreation that pose possible electrical, chemical or mechanical hazard to consumers. In 2008 the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 was passed and included provisions to provide greater protection of children's products, improve screening of non-compliant products, and improve product recall procedures. The bill includes a ban on six phthalates from use in children's products.
- The Federal Hazardous Substances Act requires that hazardous household products be labeled as such if they contain toxic, corrosive, flammable or other hazardous substances. The Consumer Product Safety Commission has the authority to enact bans for products that are so dangerous that labeling is insufficient to protect consumers.
- The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act is the primary law that governs the registration, use, sale, and distribution of pesticides in the US. It grants authority to the EPA to register pesticides, and prescribes labeling, testing, and other regulatory requirements to prevent unreasonable adverse effects on human health or the environment.